Blackberry Breeders have Implement Morphological Marker-assisted Selection

Blackberry Breeders have Implement Morphological Marker-assisted Selection Essay: Blackberry Breeders have Implement Morphological Marker-assisted Selection
Language: English
Author: Anthony Cowden
Pages: 13
Rating: 4 stars

Download Links:

Blackberry breeders have implement morphological marker-assisted selection for thornlessness using Rubus L, which trigger development of molecular marker for blackberry cultivation. However, no genetic map and molecular marker exist for cultivation purpose. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop genetic map, molecular markers, or first blackberry expressed sequence tag (EST) library. The newly release of two blackberry (Rubus L) cultivars with new trait, primocane fruiting has the potential to expand the industry by combining primocane fruiting with useful trait such as thornlessness.
To compensate lacking of molecular linkage map and molecular marker, simple sequence repeat (SSR) has been generated from strawberry EST sequences from Genbank. Strawberry is a related species with blackberry by possessing the same sub-family, Rosoideae. The primer pair (SSR) has detected 68% and 43% polymorphisms for sequences with six or more and less than six repeats respectively. Thus, it was expected that useful SSR can be generated from blackberry and sufficient EST for construction of genetic map.
Blackberry cultivars that produce fruit in summer is called floricanes, canes that go dormant and come back in second spring. Meanwhile, primocanes fruiting cultivars produce fruit together with floricanes and subsequently produce a smaller second batch in late summer and early fall. This can prolonged period of harvesting for farmer, marketer, and consumers.

Methodology
Development of EST was started by choosing blackberry cultivars (Merton Thornless). Reason of choosing is because it is the progenitor. Firstly, the leaves of blackberry is been harvested at farm field. The leaves were wrapped in aluminium foil and th…

Blackberry breeders have implement morphological marker-assisted selection for thornlessness using Rubus L, which trigger development of molecular marker for blackberry cultivation. However, no genetic map and molecular marker exist for cultivation purpose. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to develop genetic map, molecular markers, or first blackberry expressed sequence tag (EST) library. The newly release of two blackberry (Rubus L) cultivars with new trait, primocane fruiting has the potential to expand the industry by combining primocane fruiting with useful trait such as thornlessness.
To compensate lacking of molecular linkage map and molecular marker, simple sequence repeat (SSR) has been generated from strawberry EST sequences from Genbank. Strawberry is a related species with blackberry by possessing the same sub-family, Rosoideae. The primer pair (SSR) has detected 68% and 43% polymorphisms for sequences with six or more and less than six repeats respectively. Thus, it was expected that useful SSR can be generated from blackberry and sufficient EST for construction of genetic map.
Blackberry cultivars that produce fruit in summer is called floricanes, canes that go dormant and come back in second spring. Meanwhile, primocanes fruiting cultivars produce fruit together with floricanes and subsequently produce a smaller second batch in late summer and early fall. This can prolonged period of harvesting for farmer, marketer, and consumers.

Methodology
Development of EST was started by choosing blackberry cultivars (Merton Thornless). Reason of choosing is because it is the progenitor. Firstly, the leaves of blackberry is been harvested at farm field. The leaves were wrapped in aluminium foil and th…

Preparing for Disaster: The CERT IS-317 Summary

Preparing for Disaster: The CERT IS-317 Summary Essay: Preparing for Disaster: The CERT IS-317 Summary
Language: English
Author: Chelsea Hudkins
Pages: 8
Rating: 5 stars

Download Links:

The purpose of this CERT IS-317 course is to prepare individuals not part of the professional disasters relief field so they too can help in the event of a disaster. These individuals become part of a national team that can aid in preparing their families, neighbors, and coworkers for the threat of a disaster. CERT program participants become familiar with disaster preparedness, fire safety, hazardous chemical awareness, disaster medical operations, terroristic threats, and search and rescue procedures. Following the completion of this course and along with hands-on class room course experience the CERT participants will be valuable aids to emergency professionals during a disaster (CERT Training Manual, 2011).
Disaster Preparedness is a vital part of the CERT program. As the basis of the CERT program, preparedness begins at the home and office. By preparing before a disaster develops, lives and properties may be saved. When preparing for a disaster, hazard mitigation and disaster preparedness should be considered. Hazard mitigation is conducted in the home and office to determine potential hazards, and eliminate or reduce the threat. Once the hazards have been identified and reduced the CERT member can begin preparing for a potential disaster. CERT members should develop a family disaster plan that includes plans for both an evacuation and sheltering in place. Disaster preparedness kits should be compiled. The kit should include basic supplies to meet the family’s food and water needs. This kit should be mobile meeting the needs of either evacuation or sheltering in place (CERT Training Manual, 2011).
When a disaster has occurred it is vital that all emergency response components work together to battle the disaster in an op…

The purpose of this CERT IS-317 course is to prepare individuals not part of the professional disasters relief field so they too can help in the event of a disaster. These individuals become part of a national team that can aid in preparing their families, neighbors, and coworkers for the threat of a disaster. CERT program participants become familiar with disaster preparedness, fire safety, hazardous chemical awareness, disaster medical operations, terroristic threats, and search and rescue procedures. Following the completion of this course and along with hands-on class room course experience the CERT participants will be valuable aids to emergency professionals during a disaster (CERT Training Manual, 2011).
Disaster Preparedness is a vital part of the CERT program. As the basis of the CERT program, preparedness begins at the home and office. By preparing before a disaster develops, lives and properties may be saved. When preparing for a disaster, hazard mitigation and disaster preparedness should be considered. Hazard mitigation is conducted in the home and office to determine potential hazards, and eliminate or reduce the threat. Once the hazards have been identified and reduced the CERT member can begin preparing for a potential disaster. CERT members should develop a family disaster plan that includes plans for both an evacuation and sheltering in place. Disaster preparedness kits should be compiled. The kit should include basic supplies to meet the family’s food and water needs. This kit should be mobile meeting the needs of either evacuation or sheltering in place (CERT Training Manual, 2011).
When a disaster has occurred it is vital that all emergency response components work together to battle the disaster in an op…

Housewarming Gift Ideas

Housewarming Gift Ideas Essay: Housewarming Gift Ideas
Language: English
Author: Anthony Cowden
Pages: 16
Rating: 3 stars

Download Links:

Housewarming is the occasion to welcome the new beginning of life. It is one of the most special moments in life when everything looks like just a perfect picture. We take the first step in the new world with good thoughts forgetting all the unpleasant memories of the past. Happiness marks the occasion as housewarming gifts and presents express the merriment of the day.
Housewarming is an auspicious moment of celebration with your near and dear ones. The family steps in their new homes with lots of hopes and aspirations. They want the blessings and good wishes of their friends, family and relatives. There are several customs and traditions associated with the housewarming ceremony. In many cultures people carry gifts for the couple or the family. These are the housewarming gifts. The gifts for housewarming are very special, unique and thoughtful and can be useful. If you are searching for the right gift for housewarming, then your search ends here.
Choose a perfect housewarming gift for your loved ones who is going to begin his or her new life. A perfect gift assists your loved one to construct a sweet home. Departing from anything old and over-used is a tumultuous task. To build something new from the scratch requires psychological preparations.
Something new in your life is a wonderful experience. Every moment of life is about accepting something that we are not adapted to. So housewarming in a sense, is the celebration of adjustments. Throwing a housewarming party to invite your new as well as old friends and family members can be a nice idea. The housewarming gift ideas are many and varied. Your relationship with the gift-receiver can be an important point in deciding the gift ideas. Housewarming gift ideas can personal, c…

Housewarming is the occasion to welcome the new beginning of life. It is one of the most special moments in life when everything looks like just a perfect picture. We take the first step in the new world with good thoughts forgetting all the unpleasant memories of the past. Happiness marks the occasion as housewarming gifts and presents express the merriment of the day.
Housewarming is an auspicious moment of celebration with your near and dear ones. The family steps in their new homes with lots of hopes and aspirations. They want the blessings and good wishes of their friends, family and relatives. There are several customs and traditions associated with the housewarming ceremony. In many cultures people carry gifts for the couple or the family. These are the housewarming gifts. The gifts for housewarming are very special, unique and thoughtful and can be useful. If you are searching for the right gift for housewarming, then your search ends here.
Choose a perfect housewarming gift for your loved ones who is going to begin his or her new life. A perfect gift assists your loved one to construct a sweet home. Departing from anything old and over-used is a tumultuous task. To build something new from the scratch requires psychological preparations.
Something new in your life is a wonderful experience. Every moment of life is about accepting something that we are not adapted to. So housewarming in a sense, is the celebration of adjustments. Throwing a housewarming party to invite your new as well as old friends and family members can be a nice idea. The housewarming gift ideas are many and varied. Your relationship with the gift-receiver can be an important point in deciding the gift ideas. Housewarming gift ideas can personal, c…

Facts About Candy

Facts About Candy Essay: Facts About Candy
Language: English
Author: Chelsea Hudkins
Pages: 7
Rating: 4 stars

Download Links:

Candies are delightful treat desired and craved by every person around the globe. There can be no kids or adults who can resist the sweet taste of this yummy colorful sugary candy. They are considered as the best ideal gift for special occasions such as Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, Birthdays, Christmas and more.

CandyOriginally candy was not made with sugar but pure honey. During the middle ages, these candies were exclusively prepared for cooling and soothing sore throat. Another invention was the candies blended with spices like ginger, cloves, almonds, aniseed etc. dipped in honey syrup or sugar coating for healing digestive problems. Children love to lick this delicious candy and are sensually attached to the ecstasy taste that lingers within their soul.

Every year an average American is estimated to feast on more than 20 pounds of candy. Most of the candies are consumed during Holiday Seasons as a sweet treat. More than 2 billion dollars are spent by them on candies during holidays. Following is the list of 7 most popular candies that have captured the hearts of millions across the world and in the US.

Snickers
Reese’s Peanut Buttercup
Kit Kat
Butterfinger
Milky Way
3 Musketeers
Hershey Bar
Let us explore these varieties of delicious flavors in detail-

Snickers

Snickers‘Snickers’ is the topmost famous candy bar that was first manufactured by the Mars, Inc. Snickers has achieved global sales every year of more than 2 billion dollars exclusively. The yummy bar is made by combining nougat with sweet caramel and topped with crunchy peanut, and then soaked in milk chocolate for delicious result. This candy derived its name from the favorite pet horse of the Mars family in the year 1942.

Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups

Reese’s …

Candies are delightful treat desired and craved by every person around the globe. There can be no kids or adults who can resist the sweet taste of this yummy colorful sugary candy. They are considered as the best ideal gift for special occasions such as Valentine’s Day, Mother’s Day, Birthdays, Christmas and more.

CandyOriginally candy was not made with sugar but pure honey. During the middle ages, these candies were exclusively prepared for cooling and soothing sore throat. Another invention was the candies blended with spices like ginger, cloves, almonds, aniseed etc. dipped in honey syrup or sugar coating for healing digestive problems. Children love to lick this delicious candy and are sensually attached to the ecstasy taste that lingers within their soul.

Every year an average American is estimated to feast on more than 20 pounds of candy. Most of the candies are consumed during Holiday Seasons as a sweet treat. More than 2 billion dollars are spent by them on candies during holidays. Following is the list of 7 most popular candies that have captured the hearts of millions across the world and in the US.

Snickers
Reese’s Peanut Buttercup
Kit Kat
Butterfinger
Milky Way
3 Musketeers
Hershey Bar
Let us explore these varieties of delicious flavors in detail-

Snickers

Snickers‘Snickers’ is the topmost famous candy bar that was first manufactured by the Mars, Inc. Snickers has achieved global sales every year of more than 2 billion dollars exclusively. The yummy bar is made by combining nougat with sweet caramel and topped with crunchy peanut, and then soaked in milk chocolate for delicious result. This candy derived its name from the favorite pet horse of the Mars family in the year 1942.

Reese’s Peanut Butter Cups

Reese’s …

The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara

The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara Essay: The Killer Angels by Michael Shaara
Language: English
Author: Paul Saez
Pages: 10
Rating: 5 stars

Download Links:

In a letter to the reader, Michael Shaara states that his purpose is similar to Stephen Crane’s in The Red Badge of Courage. He wishes to display history not as cold facts, but rather in such a way that the reader can live the history. This is to be accomplished through extensive detail of the emotions of the men, the atmosphere of the battle, and strategies of the commanding officers. Accepting this as Shaara’s intent, it can be justifiably stated that he succeeds in his objective. The Killer Angels does not merely relate what assaults and defenses where made by which colonels and generals. Instead, the book delves into the emotions of the major figures of the battle and what they endured physically and mentally as they planned for assault, defense, or mere preservation of life. In this way, The Killer Angels aids the reader in understanding the causes for the Battle of Gettysburg and the incidents that took place from June 29 to July 4 of 1863. Because of this, when faced with the question of whether it is a good historical reference, emphatically yes.
Most history textbooks relate that, during the Battle of Gettysburg, General George Gordon Meade led the Army of the Potomac against General Robert Edward Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia. If the text goes further in depth, it mentions Major General George Pickett who, under Lee, leads a doomed charge up Cemetery Hill. The history text will not further discuss the other officers who were instrumental in the Battle of Gettysburg, and this is precisely what Shaara concentrates on. The structure of the book itself is set up in sections, each following the point of view of one particular officer. Shaara assigns the sections as necessary, sometimes alternating between two oppos…

In a letter to the reader, Michael Shaara states that his purpose is similar to Stephen Crane’s in The Red Badge of Courage. He wishes to display history not as cold facts, but rather in such a way that the reader can live the history. This is to be accomplished through extensive detail of the emotions of the men, the atmosphere of the battle, and strategies of the commanding officers. Accepting this as Shaara’s intent, it can be justifiably stated that he succeeds in his objective. The Killer Angels does not merely relate what assaults and defenses where made by which colonels and generals. Instead, the book delves into the emotions of the major figures of the battle and what they endured physically and mentally as they planned for assault, defense, or mere preservation of life. In this way, The Killer Angels aids the reader in understanding the causes for the Battle of Gettysburg and the incidents that took place from June 29 to July 4 of 1863. Because of this, when faced with the question of whether it is a good historical reference, emphatically yes.
Most history textbooks relate that, during the Battle of Gettysburg, General George Gordon Meade led the Army of the Potomac against General Robert Edward Lee and the Army of Northern Virginia. If the text goes further in depth, it mentions Major General George Pickett who, under Lee, leads a doomed charge up Cemetery Hill. The history text will not further discuss the other officers who were instrumental in the Battle of Gettysburg, and this is precisely what Shaara concentrates on. The structure of the book itself is set up in sections, each following the point of view of one particular officer. Shaara assigns the sections as necessary, sometimes alternating between two oppos…

The Evolution of the Motorized Bike

The Evolution of the Motorized Bike Essay: The Evolution of the Motorized Bike
Language: English
Author: Paul Mason
Pages: 12
Rating: 5 stars

Download Links:

Heart racing and adrenaline pumping, John pushes the throttle on the bike, he goes ten, fifteen, twenty miles per hour and next thing you know, John is gone. The need for speed has always been in high demand. Fast cars, fast boats, and the thrill of having the wind blow in your hair is what evolved a simple bicycle into a heavenly creation. The average speed riding neutral on a course fourteen point three miles on a bicycle is between fifteen and seventeen miles per hour (“The Average Speed Page”). When riding a motorized bike, the average would be that of twenty five to thirty five miles per hour. In America motorized bicycles have gained huge notoriety, although motorized bicycles have been around for over one hundred years. Motorized bikes have evolved over the years now many different types of this bike exist laws, emission standards, the way one may choose to build this bike has changed over the years but all still have the same basic maintenance requirements to keep them running.
Bicycles have been around since the early 1800s but the motorized bicycle was created in mid to late 1800s. The person credited with making the first motorized bicycle is Sylvester Howard Roper who made a steam engine not gasoline powered like today’s modern version of motorized bike (Licino). With new technology motorized bikes not only are limited to being built with engines but they are now built with electric motors. Motorized bikes named has changed over the years since its creation some call them motor assisted bikes, e-bikes and many other names but there are different types of motorized bikes in they all are under the category of a motorized bike.
A motorized bike is a standard bicycle retrofitted with a motor (Belfiore). Most people bel…

Heart racing and adrenaline pumping, John pushes the throttle on the bike, he goes ten, fifteen, twenty miles per hour and next thing you know, John is gone. The need for speed has always been in high demand. Fast cars, fast boats, and the thrill of having the wind blow in your hair is what evolved a simple bicycle into a heavenly creation. The average speed riding neutral on a course fourteen point three miles on a bicycle is between fifteen and seventeen miles per hour (“The Average Speed Page”). When riding a motorized bike, the average would be that of twenty five to thirty five miles per hour. In America motorized bicycles have gained huge notoriety, although motorized bicycles have been around for over one hundred years. Motorized bikes have evolved over the years now many different types of this bike exist laws, emission standards, the way one may choose to build this bike has changed over the years but all still have the same basic maintenance requirements to keep them running.
Bicycles have been around since the early 1800s but the motorized bicycle was created in mid to late 1800s. The person credited with making the first motorized bicycle is Sylvester Howard Roper who made a steam engine not gasoline powered like today’s modern version of motorized bike (Licino). With new technology motorized bikes not only are limited to being built with engines but they are now built with electric motors. Motorized bikes named has changed over the years since its creation some call them motor assisted bikes, e-bikes and many other names but there are different types of motorized bikes in they all are under the category of a motorized bike.
A motorized bike is a standard bicycle retrofitted with a motor (Belfiore). Most people bel…

The Price Women Paid for Expressing Their Individuality and Independence

The Price Women Paid for Expressing Their Individuality and Independence Essay: The Price Women Paid for Expressing Their Individuality and Independence
Language: English
Author: Anthony Cowden
Pages: 6
Rating: 5 stars

Download Links:

The Price Women Paid for Expressing Their Individuality and Independence

Caryl Churchill once stated, “Playwrights don’t give answers, they ask
questions”. For Churchill, that meant questioning the relationship
between women and labour, and what effect they would have on the
workplace and in society. In her play, “Top Girls,” The plot centres
around Marlene, who is a product of gender equality and women in the
workplace. Churchill utilizes Marlene’s character to show the
opposition between an ethic of caring and an ethic of competition,
Marlene representing the latter. Various characters throughout the
story, such as the obedient Griselda and the troubled Angie, are the
opposites of Marlene, in that they are either subservient to men or
have no real determination or direction in their lives. The most
obvious parallel to Marlene is the young girl Kit, who is the friend
of Marlene’s daughter (Angie). It is easiest to observe the
similarities of these two characters in order to get a clear picture
as to how Churchill sees women being affected by competition and a
male-dominated society. Act I scene 3 takes place with Angie and Kit
hiding from Joyce in a shelter. In it Kit makes the statement, “Do you
wanna watch The Exterminator?” The title of exterminator can be linked
to Marlene in an earlier scene at the employment agency in which she
smashes a woman’s hopes and potential by sending her to a clerical job
with a lamp shade manufacturer, when in truth the women probably had a
lot more talent than the job required. Marlene also shows her ruthless
exterminating side in the office when she gets a job promotion and her
male counterpart does…

The Price Women Paid for Expressing Their Individuality and Independence

Caryl Churchill once stated, “Playwrights don’t give answers, they ask
questions”. For Churchill, that meant questioning the relationship
between women and labour, and what effect they would have on the
workplace and in society. In her play, “Top Girls,” The plot centres
around Marlene, who is a product of gender equality and women in the
workplace. Churchill utilizes Marlene’s character to show the
opposition between an ethic of caring and an ethic of competition,
Marlene representing the latter. Various characters throughout the
story, such as the obedient Griselda and the troubled Angie, are the
opposites of Marlene, in that they are either subservient to men or
have no real determination or direction in their lives. The most
obvious parallel to Marlene is the young girl Kit, who is the friend
of Marlene’s daughter (Angie). It is easiest to observe the
similarities of these two characters in order to get a clear picture
as to how Churchill sees women being affected by competition and a
male-dominated society. Act I scene 3 takes place with Angie and Kit
hiding from Joyce in a shelter. In it Kit makes the statement, “Do you
wanna watch The Exterminator?” The title of exterminator can be linked
to Marlene in an earlier scene at the employment agency in which she
smashes a woman’s hopes and potential by sending her to a clerical job
with a lamp shade manufacturer, when in truth the women probably had a
lot more talent than the job required. Marlene also shows her ruthless
exterminating side in the office when she gets a job promotion and her
male counterpart does…

cDNA Experiment Results

cDNA Experiment Results Essay: cDNA Experiment Results
Language: English
Author: Susan Demaree
Pages: 15
Rating: 5 stars

Download Links:

Materials and Methods:
Subjects
The cDNA was produced by reverse transcriptase from total RNA by using superscript II (Invitrogen). The cDNA were from the lung which was obtained commercially from Ambion, HASM which was extracted in house and HBEC which was obtained commercially from Lonza.
Primer Design
Oligonucleotide primers were designed by obtaining the reference sequences for uPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 from National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). The sequences were checked using NEBcutter (V2.0) to identify the common restriction enzymes sites that are not included in the sequences to be able to clone into pcDNA3. The Oligonucleotide primers were evaluated by using PCR primer stats program. In addition, a kozak sequence was attached to the 5′ primer end of each forward primer to ease recombinant expression and include an appropriate restriction site and ‘spacer’.
Standard PCR condition
PCR was carried out in a total volume of 20 µl containing 1x PCR high fidelity buffer (invitrogen), 2 mM of magnesium, 200 µM of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphate (dNTP), 0.03 U of platinum Taq DNA polymerase (invitrogen), 0.2 µM of each forward and reverse primer (Promega), 11.48 µl of water and 4 µl of the extracted genomic DNA. An uPAR cDNA sample from a previous experiment was used as a positive control for the test. In addition, a negative control sample was included by using DNA-free sample.
All samples were subjected to the following condition: a denaturation step for 1 minute at 94ºC, followed by 30 cycles of annealing step for 1 minute at 60ºC and extension step for 2 minutes at 72ºC using PCR Biometra TRIO Thermocycler. PCR products were separated on 1% agarose gel and 1xTAE buffer for 45 minutes at 46V. The PCR p…

Materials and Methods:
Subjects
The cDNA was produced by reverse transcriptase from total RNA by using superscript II (Invitrogen). The cDNA were from the lung which was obtained commercially from Ambion, HASM which was extracted in house and HBEC which was obtained commercially from Lonza.
Primer Design
Oligonucleotide primers were designed by obtaining the reference sequences for uPA, PAI-1 and PAI-2 from National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI). The sequences were checked using NEBcutter (V2.0) to identify the common restriction enzymes sites that are not included in the sequences to be able to clone into pcDNA3. The Oligonucleotide primers were evaluated by using PCR primer stats program. In addition, a kozak sequence was attached to the 5′ primer end of each forward primer to ease recombinant expression and include an appropriate restriction site and ‘spacer’.
Standard PCR condition
PCR was carried out in a total volume of 20 µl containing 1x PCR high fidelity buffer (invitrogen), 2 mM of magnesium, 200 µM of deoxyribonucleotide triphosphate (dNTP), 0.03 U of platinum Taq DNA polymerase (invitrogen), 0.2 µM of each forward and reverse primer (Promega), 11.48 µl of water and 4 µl of the extracted genomic DNA. An uPAR cDNA sample from a previous experiment was used as a positive control for the test. In addition, a negative control sample was included by using DNA-free sample.
All samples were subjected to the following condition: a denaturation step for 1 minute at 94ºC, followed by 30 cycles of annealing step for 1 minute at 60ºC and extension step for 2 minutes at 72ºC using PCR Biometra TRIO Thermocycler. PCR products were separated on 1% agarose gel and 1xTAE buffer for 45 minutes at 46V. The PCR p…

The History of Chemical Decontamination Platoon Equipment

The History of Chemical Decontamination Platoon Equipment Essay: The History of Chemical Decontamination Platoon Equipment
Language: English
Author: Chelsea Hudkins
Pages: 14
Rating: 3 stars

Download Links:

Chemical Decontamination platoons have been tasked with a vital mission, which began in World War I and has continued to be an essential asset to the current military inventory. As years have passed and threats have changed, the US Army has been tasked with developing apparatuses, decontamination solutions, and personnel decontaminates that can effectively neutralize chemical threats. While Decontamination platoons use the most advanced solutions and equipment in order to complete their required missions, this same equipment had an origin that was much less sophisticated.
Decontaminate Apparatuses
Decontamination apparatuses have significantly improved in design since first being introduced in the early 1900’s. Degassing trucks were among the first decontamination apparatuses- 5-ton trucks with 1,200 gallon tanks and piping that could create portable showers. The M-series decontaminating apparatuses began with the M1 and M2, which were handheld and capable of carrying 1.5 to 3 gallons of decontaminating agent CC1. By pursuing multiple platform applications the commercial market was considered, with this extension of resources, the M3, M3A1, and M4 (skid mounted) were developed. The modifications between the three apparatuses were minor, the tank sizes between the three ranged from 300-400 gallons and changed platforms from wheeled, to truck, to skid mounted assemblies. During the Korean War, the M4 received modifications in order to meet Navy requirements and it was re-designated to the M6.
In 1966, the Army made a significant standardization of the M12A1 skid mounted apparatus. This apparatus had multi-function capabilities, in addition to decontamination, the unit could be used for fire fighting, de-icing of aircraft, cl…

Chemical Decontamination platoons have been tasked with a vital mission, which began in World War I and has continued to be an essential asset to the current military inventory. As years have passed and threats have changed, the US Army has been tasked with developing apparatuses, decontamination solutions, and personnel decontaminates that can effectively neutralize chemical threats. While Decontamination platoons use the most advanced solutions and equipment in order to complete their required missions, this same equipment had an origin that was much less sophisticated.
Decontaminate Apparatuses
Decontamination apparatuses have significantly improved in design since first being introduced in the early 1900’s. Degassing trucks were among the first decontamination apparatuses- 5-ton trucks with 1,200 gallon tanks and piping that could create portable showers. The M-series decontaminating apparatuses began with the M1 and M2, which were handheld and capable of carrying 1.5 to 3 gallons of decontaminating agent CC1. By pursuing multiple platform applications the commercial market was considered, with this extension of resources, the M3, M3A1, and M4 (skid mounted) were developed. The modifications between the three apparatuses were minor, the tank sizes between the three ranged from 300-400 gallons and changed platforms from wheeled, to truck, to skid mounted assemblies. During the Korean War, the M4 received modifications in order to meet Navy requirements and it was re-designated to the M6.
In 1966, the Army made a significant standardization of the M12A1 skid mounted apparatus. This apparatus had multi-function capabilities, in addition to decontamination, the unit could be used for fire fighting, de-icing of aircraft, cl…

Network Security Threats for ASDI

Network Security Threats for ASDI Essay: Network Security Threats for ASDI
Language: English
Author: Paul Saez
Pages: 7
Rating: 4 stars

Download Links:

New and Rapidly Advancing Threats
One of the biggest threats to network security in 2014 is the end of support for the Windows XP operating system (OS). On April 8th 2014, Microsoft will discontinue support for the aging OS. What this means for users of Windows XP is that as new vulnerabilities and exploits are discovered, they will not be fixed – the vulnerabilities will only continue to grow. For any business environment that is still using Windows XP beyond April 8th, the machines running the OS will become the organization’s biggest security flaw. It is highly likely that hackers are holding back on using known zero-day exploits for Windows XP until after April 8th because they know that beyond that date, the exploit will not be addressed by Microsoft. The two ASDI computers in the accounting department that are still running Windows XP must be upgraded or replaced before the end of support is reached.
Sandboxing is a technique used by the IT staff at ASDI to seal up programs into a virtualized environment for the purpose of quarantining them from other programs and resources. This helps to prevent malware infection or spread between programs. While it is very difficult for malware to escape a sandboxed environment, it is not impossible. According to McAfee Labs 2014 Threats Predictions, by Bing Sun, “We believe exploits (especially zero day and advanced persistent threats) will soon evolve to include features that defeat sandboxing” (2014). It is likely that this threat will become more prevalent in the next twelve months, and as such, IT staff at ASDI will be required to practice greater diligence in preventing the spread of malware.
Attacks on point of sale (PoS) systems are gaining popularity recently. This is a consi…

New and Rapidly Advancing Threats
One of the biggest threats to network security in 2014 is the end of support for the Windows XP operating system (OS). On April 8th 2014, Microsoft will discontinue support for the aging OS. What this means for users of Windows XP is that as new vulnerabilities and exploits are discovered, they will not be fixed – the vulnerabilities will only continue to grow. For any business environment that is still using Windows XP beyond April 8th, the machines running the OS will become the organization’s biggest security flaw. It is highly likely that hackers are holding back on using known zero-day exploits for Windows XP until after April 8th because they know that beyond that date, the exploit will not be addressed by Microsoft. The two ASDI computers in the accounting department that are still running Windows XP must be upgraded or replaced before the end of support is reached.
Sandboxing is a technique used by the IT staff at ASDI to seal up programs into a virtualized environment for the purpose of quarantining them from other programs and resources. This helps to prevent malware infection or spread between programs. While it is very difficult for malware to escape a sandboxed environment, it is not impossible. According to McAfee Labs 2014 Threats Predictions, by Bing Sun, “We believe exploits (especially zero day and advanced persistent threats) will soon evolve to include features that defeat sandboxing” (2014). It is likely that this threat will become more prevalent in the next twelve months, and as such, IT staff at ASDI will be required to practice greater diligence in preventing the spread of malware.
Attacks on point of sale (PoS) systems are gaining popularity recently. This is a consi…